The United States imports varying amounts of its petroleum, much of which is used in the transportation sector. Passenger vehicles currently account for 55 percent of the energy used by the on-road transportation sector. However, it is possible to see these percentages significantly decline through the incorporation of PHEVs and EVs.

PHEVs, such as the Toyota Prius, use electricity produced from coal, nuclear, natural gas, and renewable sources, in addition to gasoline for longer distances. EVs, like the Chevy Bolt and the Nissan LEAF, only use electricity produced domestically. Therefore, no petroleum imports are needed to fuel these vehicles and the nation becomes more energy secure.

Source: U.S. Department of Energy

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